Maui Ocean Center Embraces Hawai'i's Rich
Natural and Cultural Heritage
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Malama ka 'aina a me ke kai
Caring for the land and sea
MA'ALAEA, Maui, Hawai'i - The living ocean … vibrant, teeming and uncontained. For generations, it has sustained the bodies and spirits of the Hawaiian people. At the Maui Ocean Center, Hawaii’s legacy is perpetuated through a genuine commitment to share and preserve the rich natural and cultural treasures of our island home.
Today, this three-acre marine park has successfully integrated Hawaii’s host culture in a variety of programs including naturalist presentations, exhibits, Hawaiian cultural advisors, special events, and community involvement. These dedicated efforts have earned the Maui Ocean Center the name “The Hawaiian Aquarium” as well as a host of accolades. The marine park was awarded with Hawaii Visitors & Convention Bureau’s prestigious “Keep It Hawaii” honor for businesses that perpetuate the Hawaiian culture in the tourism industry.
Preserving the ‘Aumakua: Maui Ocean Center’s Hawaiian Cultural Advisors
In Old Hawaii, mano (the shark) was considered na ‘aumakua (family or personal gods). Often a departed ancestor took the form of a shark after death and appeared in dreams to living relatives. Hawaiians who had a shark as their ‘aumakua did not eat sharks and provided food to a special shark whom they believed to be a relative. Today, Maui Ocean Center pays reverence and respect for Hawaii’s cultural past by having Kahu (guardian and caretaker) Charles Kauluwehi Maxwell Sr. bless each shark that enters or leaves the Aquarium.
Maxwell (also known as “Uncle Charlie”) along with Sam Ka‘ai and other respected Hawaiian practitioners are part of an elite group of Hawaiian Cultural Advisors who share their mana‘o (knowledge) for Maui Ocean Center’s various educational and conservation programs. In addition to paying homage to Hawaii’s ‘aumakua, these guardians also contribute to the marine park’s standard of operations and service, preside over blessings of important functions and facilities, as well as empower and train employees through their love and respect for the island’s host culture.
The heart and soul of the Maui Ocean Center is the exhibit called “Hawaiians and the Sea”. Truly a gift of love, various cultural advisors and members of the community have contributed to this exhibit so that visitors may better understand the intimate relationship between the Hawaiian people and the sea.
The ancient Hawaiians were one of the earliest ecologists. They were expert navigators, using the stars as guides and traveling in their handmade, hydrodynamically perfected vessels. These proficient fishermen were also masters of aquaculture as a result of their unique system for stocking and harvesting fish in ponds. The story of the ways of the Hawaiians – their kapu (sacred, forbidden) system, their ahupua‘a system of living harmoniously with the environment from mountain to sea, their skillful building of canoes and fishing utensils and, above all, their spiritual connection with the ocean and its inhabitants – is told in this important exhibit.
Keeping the Spirit Through Hawaiian-Inspired Exhibits and Tours
Ocean Naturalists interpreting Hawaii’s underwater world are trained to use Hawaiian names for the animals, as well as popular terms, in their presentations. Rather than calling the octopus “tako”, they say he‘e (heh-eh). They have also been trained in the traditional usages of much of Hawaii’s marine life. In addition, Maui Ocean Center staff have participated in Hawaiian cultural and language training led by Kahu Lyons Kapi‘ioho Naone. The collective result is a unique learning experience and a delightful immersion into Hawaii’s rich cultural history.
In Honor of Ku‘ula, The God of Fishing
Even before the marine park officially opened its doors on March 13, 1998, the Hawaiian Aquarium paid respect to Hawaii’s cultural legacy by building a ko‘a (fishermen’s shrine) on property. Located on the left side of the Seascape Ma‘alaea Restaurant, this structure was erected days before the facility’s opening and was dedicated to the ‘aumakua mano (shark guardian) of “Uncle Charlie” Maxwell’s family’s ancestral gods who come into the bay of Ma‘alaea.
The ko‘a is the smallest structure of worship and is dedicated solely to the service of Ku‘ula, the god of fishing. Ku‘ula, a real person who lived in the 11th century, was a master fisherman and when he died, the people deified him and made him into a god. Ku‘ula still can be found on Maui today and appears in various shapes: rectangular platforms and terraces, small enclosures, circular or horseshoe shapes and irregular heaps of stones.